Pulmonary Edema at 20x Magnification
Treatment for pulmonary edema usually initially consists of the administration of oxygen via a face mask, nasal prongs, breathing tube, or ventilator. Immediately thereafter, treatment is typically shifted to address the underlying cause of the condition. For instance, if a heart condition is associated with the edema, then the heart must be ministered to, whereas infection-related edema often requires the use of antibiotics. Diuretics can also help eliminate excess fluids from the body, morphine and several other drugs can relieve anxiety and shortness of breath, and various narcotics may be used to dilate the blood vessels and relieve pressure. It is important to note that without prompt treatment, pulmonary edema is much more likely to be fatal.